Blackstone Valley Cannabis

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The Basics

Cannabinoids are any chemical compound that joins with endocannabinoid receptors in the body and brain, and will cause similar effects as compounds found in the cannabis plants. Endocannabinoids are produced in the body, synthetic cannabinoids are produced in a lab, and Phyto cannabinoids are produced by the cannabis plant.

The ECS has receptors throughout the body and the body naturally produces cannabinoids that are processed through the ECS. The receptors in the brain process THC, which is the cannabinoid that causes the euphoric effect of being “high”. The other receptors process other cannabinoids, which may have other positive effects, like anti-convulsive or anti-inflammatory.

Terpenes are scent compounds that can alter the compound effects of cannabinoids. This is essentially the basic concept behind aromatherapy. For example, for relaxation we use scents like eucalyptus or lavender, and to elevate our energy or creativity we lean toward citrus or bright floral scents. So, even though cannabinoids have a large effect on the user, the experience will be guided by the flavor and scent profile. The combination of cannabinoids and terpenes is called the entourage effect and may dictate your response to certain types of cannabis.

In Massachusetts, cannabis is usually grown indoors, but there are several outdoor cultivation facilities here as well. Due to the high humidity in the Northeast and our stringent cannabis testing regulations, most of the cannabis grown outdoors is processed into extracts and edibles. Plants grown in closed or semi-closed greenhouses get access to plenty of sunlight, while indoor gardens use different kinds of lighting to meet the needs of the plants. Otherwise, the plants just need water, soil, and nutrients.

The flower is the part of the plant that we smoke. The sticky resinous trichomes that hold all the cannabinoids and terpenes is the same substance that will collect pollen in the air if the plant was to be naturally pollinated. Cultivators manage potency by keeping the female plants away from male plants that produce higher volumes of the trichomes.

Consumption

Cannabis bud can be smoked in pipes, water bongs, or rolled in various types of paper. Buds can be processed to remove the plant material leaving only the trichomes which contain all the cannabinoids and terpenes. Those products are highly concentrated and people often vaporize or “dab” them on a pipe that looks like a bong, but has a different kind of bowl. These are also the base products for vape pens and vape carts. Inhalation of cannabis has an onset time of about 15 minutes to full effect, and those effects may last approximately 1 to 2 hours.

Extracted concentrates can be added to various cooking oils and infused into food and drinks. Any foods that are made with oils, fats or sugar can easily be infused, however these products must be stored correctly to retain potency if not consumed right away. It takes longer to feel the effects of cannabis when it is ingested because it needs to travel throughout the digestive system. The onset could take as much as an hour, with the duration lasting between 4 and 8 hours depending on how much you consume. New consumers should always start with a small dose and wait a full 2 hours before increasing the milligrams to assess how they are affected.

Oils extracted with alcohol are often add to other oils or glycerin to make a tincture (a  highly concentrated oil or liquid and is dosed with a dropper bottle). The oil is meant to sit under the tongue until it is absorbed through the thin skin in the mouth. The effect has a quicker onset than edibles and lasts longer than inhalation, but not as long as an edible.

These extracted oils can also be added to other oils and waxes creating salves and creams that allow the user to apply cannabis directly to the skin. Often used to treat skin issues, joint or muscle pain, this method will not cause a euphoric effect, and can be used as often as you prefer. There are also processes that will force cannabinoids to be water soluble, allowing producers to make infused water and powders, even products that can be used in traditional inhalers (like the ones for asthma).

Safety

In the entire history of cannabis use, no one has ever overdosed. There is no known deadly overdose amount, however it is possible to consume enough to become extremely uncomfortable. If you do feel uncomfortable from over consumption, try to drink water and take a nap. Safety first. Please consume responsibly.

We do not advise using cannabis and alcohol together, as you can become extremely disoriented, dizzy, and confused. Again, please consume responsibly.

The CDC is unclear on this; however, it is highly unlikely that you will affect anyone else with secondhand smoke unless you blow it in their face for an extended period.

History

Cannabis was initially prohibited after alcohol prohibition because a powerful government employee, Harry Anslinger, concluded that alcohol prohibition wasn’t going to last and that his agency was going to need something to enforce or become disbanded. He was also extremely racist and used racist arguments, false science, and fear tactics to  convince congress to prohibit cannabis for consumption as well as hemp for industrial use.

Several big industries also didn’t want to see hemp establish itself in the economy, including lumber, plastics (DuPont), and pharmaceuticals. In the 1920s household, Cannabis tincture was as common as Tylenol is today.

Those decisions have helped lead to the corruption of mass incarceration, gross generational trauma to black and brown communities, bad science, lack of medical research and knowledge, and additional taxing on our communities as a whole. These laws were poorly thought out, designed, and administered, and may be one of the root causes for citizens to develop mistrust of the government and law enforcement.

We are proud to operate a business and we believe that we can and will participate in the industry’s corrective actions to the communities that have been disproportionately harmed by the war on drugs.

420 was started by a group of California high school students in 1971 called the “Waldos”. After classes ended at 4:00 pm, they would meet in the woods, share a cannabis smoke around 4:20, and go off in search of rumored buried treasure rumored.

Hemp

Hemp is the cousin plant to cannabis that produces all the same compounds as cannabis. For regulatory needs, the US government has decided that “hemp” will have less than .3% THC. Historically, hemp was grown for the strong fibers in the stalk of the plant. It’s also often grown for its seed. Hemp seed oil is a popular cooking oil, and hemp milk is a great non-dairy option. Most recently, hemp is grown to produce CBD. Hemp has dozens of different purposes from food, drink, and oil, to animal bedding, fuel, and biodegradable plastics. It is a wonder plant—every acre of trees yields 4 acres of hemp annually. Hemp paper lasts 100 times longer than tree paper, and is an easily renewable resource.

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